Why China?

The opportunities to invest in China are growing by the day. Currently, China is the world’s second largest economy (by GDP), projected to nearly double in size to US$22 trillion by 2030. A burgeoning middle class and the adoption of financial liberalization within the nation, have the expected growth rate poised in the 6% to 8% range for the next few years, according to Mirae Asset Global Investments – nearly four times the growth rate targeted by developed economies such as the U.S. and Canada. Find out more about why China is filled with opportunity:

Start-Up Businesses

Source: HSBC: Climbing the Wall of Worry: Market Themes for 2016

Stock Market


Fortune 500

Source: Forbes.com/fortune500/


Source: Trading Economics.com


  • Travel has been the fastest growing area of consumption in China over the past five years, with its growth rate 2x that of disposable income, and with international travel up 34% year over year (Source: HSBC: Climbing the Wall of Worry: Market Themes for 2016)
  • China’s population loves going to the movies – $5 Billion in box office sales, surging 36% in 2014, 5 times faster than GDP (Source: HSBC)
  • China aims to reduce carbon intensity by 40% by 2020 (Source: HSBC)
  • In 2012, China overtook the US as the largest global consumer of meat, where more than a quarter of meat produced worldwide was consumed in China
  • China is the world’s largest importer and producer of rice: China produced 144.6 million tons of rice in 2015 (Source: World Rice Production)

Investing in China Through Hong Kong

When it comes to investing in an emerging market such as China, investors are looking to optimize the risk return ratio of their exposure.

By investing in China via Hong Kong-listed companies, investors gain access to China’s economic growth while enjoying the benefits of Hong Kong’s independent market and legal structure. Benefits such as:
  • Modern market legislation. Hong Kong’s new Companies Ordinance took effect in March 2014 to create more transparency in the system while seeking to modernize business and accounting practices
  • Increased security. Firms listed in Hong Kong are subject to Hong Kong’s independent governing structure
  • Legal structure. Hong Kong has a stable, mature and accessible legal system, based on the familiar concept of English Common law and supported by a fully independent judiciary; all proceedings are in English

Why Dividends Matter in China

While foreign investors often look to emerging markets such as China for growth opportunities, often times the dividend opportunities that emerge from increased market stability can be overlooked, which can include, but are not limited to:

  • Higher total return.  Dividends accounted for about 40% of the total return of the Hang Seng Index and more than 9% of the total return for the CSI 300 Index over the same period for the 10-year period ended November 30, 2015
  • Potential for Dividend growth. As China’s equity market matures and stocks hit sustainable levels of revenue, it’s expected that mainland and Hong Kong-listed securities will increase their dividend yields.

The Hang Seng High Dividend Yield Index: Higher Yields, Low Volatility

Created by screening the entire Hong Kong-listed universe of large-cap and mid-cap stocks in the broader Hang Seng Index, the Hang Seng High Dividend Yield Index is created screening for three factors: liquidity, dividend payment consistency and excluding those top 25% of highest 1-year volatility.  
  • Diversification. Broad exposure to Hong Kong and Chinese stocks and provides more risk diversification
  • Attractive valuations.  China and Hong Kong market valuations have remained low in the past 10 years, consistent company earnings led the market price up-trend and with higher expected company earnings supporting potential rise in values.
  • Higher dividend yields. Expectation of 5% to 6% yields compared to the standard Hang Seng Index
  • Lower volatility. The volatility of the Hang Sang High Dividend Yield Index was 20.23%, which was 0.2% lower than that of the HSI during the period of January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2014

The Horizons China High Dividend Yield Index ETF

The Horizons China High Dividend Yield Index ETF (“HCN”) is the only ETF in Canada that seeks to replicate, to the extent possible, the performance of the Hang Seng High Dividend Yield Index (the “Underlying Index”) which is comprised of Hong Kong’s 50 largest stocks and REITs with the highest net dividend yields and persistent dividend payment records.

Features of HCN

  • Diversification. Portfolio of 50 constituents screened from the Hang Seng Composite Index and Hang Seng REIT Index’s large and mid-cap issuers, across various sectors and share classes
  • Compelling yields. Portfolio constituents provided yields in excess of 6% as at November 30, 2015
  • Proven index performance. Over a five-year period ending November 30, 2015, the Hang Seng High Dividend Yield Index had returned 4.45% vs. the broader Hang Seng Index (Total return) which returned 4.06%
  • Lower risk compared to broader Chinese equities. HCN focuses on larger issuers with sustainable dividend paying track records, which is why it is expected to have lower volatility compared to the broader market

ETF Snapshot

Horizons China High Dividend Yield Index ETF
Launch Date
January 12, 2016
Bloomberg Ticker
Management Fee1
Underlying Index
Hang Seng High Dividend Yield Index
Distribution Frequency:
All registered and non-registered investment accounts

1Plus applicable sales taxes

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Horizons ETFs is a Member of Mirae Asset Global Investments. Commissions, management fees and expenses all may be associated with an investment in exchange traded products managed by Horizons ETFs Management (Canada) Inc. (the "Horizons Exchange Traded Products"). The Horizons Exchange Traded Products are not guaranteed, their values change frequently and past performance may not be repeated. The prospectus contains important detailed information about the Horizons Exchange Traded Products. Please read the relevant prospectus before investing.

The Horizons Exchange Traded Products consist of the Horizons Index ETFs ("Index ETFs"), 2x Daily Bull and -2x Daily Bear ETFs ("2x Daily ETFs"), Inverse ETFs ("Inverse ETFs"), VIX ETFs (defined below) and active ETFs. The 2x Daily ETFs and certain other Horizons Exchange Traded Products use leveraged investment techniques that can magnify gains and losses and may result in greater volatility of returns. These Horizons Exchange Traded Products are subject to leverage risk and may be subject to aggressive investment risk and price volatility risk, which, where applicable, are described in their respective prospectuses. Each 2x Daily ETF seeks a return, before fees and expenses, that is either 200% or -200% of the performance of a specified underlying index, commodity or benchmark (the "Target") for a single day. Each Index ETF or Inverse ETF seeks a return that is 100% or -100%, respectively, of the performance of a Target. Due to the compounding of daily returns, a 2x Daily ETF's or Inverse ETF's returns over periods other than one day will likely differ in amount and possibly direction from the performance of their respective Target(s) for the same period. The Horizons Exchange Traded Products whose Target is the S&P 500 VIX Short-Term Futures Index™ (the "VIX ETFs"), one of which is a 2x Daily ETF and one of which is an Index ETF, as described in their prospectus, are speculative investment tools that are not conventional investments. The VIX ETFs' Target is highly volatile. As a result, the VIX ETFs are not generally viewed as stand-alone long-term investments. Historically, the VIX ETFs' Target has tended to revert to a historical mean. As a result, the performance of the VIX ETFs' Target is expected to be negative over the longer term and neither the VIX ETFs nor their Target are expected to have positive long term performance. Investors should monitor their holdings, as frequently as daily, to ensure that they remain consistent with their investment strategies.

*The indicated rates of return are the historical annual compounded total returns including changes in per unit value and reinvestment of all dividends or distributions and do not take into account sales, redemption, distribution or optional charges or income taxes payable by any securityholder that would have reduced returns. The rates of return shown in the table are not intended to reflect future values of the ETF or returns on investment in the ETF. Only the returns for periods of one year or greater are annualized returns.